Mr PC, in London, bought a 4kg UltraFire powder extinguisher from Safelincs back in 2011. He contacted us again a few days ago to tell us how he had used the extinguisher to successfully put out a dangerous BBQ fire. As Safelincs offers free ‘after the fire replacement’ he, of course, asked for his free replacement extinguisher which we have sent him
. This service, exclusive to Safelincs, ensures that our customers never hesitate to use their fire fighting equipment and that they are protected again as quickly as possible.
Mr PC had started his almost new gas BBQ (it had only been used once before) at around 5pm and was entertaining his guests when later that night at around 11:30pm the flames of the fire went from ‘controlled’ to ‘uncontrolled’, as the fat at the base of the BBQ caught fire. The lid of the BBQ was immediately shut to starve the fire of oxygen, however, the opposite happened. Drawing air from the holes in the bottom of the BBQ the fire really heated up with flames licking out from underneath the lid.
The gas was turned off but the fat fire still continued. Mr PC evacuated his guests, then fetched his 4kg powder extinguisher from his house and extinguished the fire.
The heat of the fire had been so extensive that the mesh of the BBQ was deformed by the heat!
So, while gas fired BBQs have the advantage of exact control of the heat while everything works as expected, it is still wise to position a gas BBQ away from the house, ensure that fat cannot build up and to have some form of fire fighting means ready.
Deep fat fryer fires and pan fires with burning fat are difficult to extinguish. The jet of an ordinary extinguisher can carry the burning fat out of the pan and spread the fire, making the problem worse. Any traditional water based extinguishers can also be dangerous, as water droplets sink into the fat and then erupt violently, spreading the fire. The five most commonly used methods of extinguishing fat fires are:
1) wet chemical extinguishers
2) fire blankets
3) dry water mist extinguishers
4) ABF fire extinguishers
5) Foam Aerosols
Wet chemical extinguishers
Wet chemical fire extinguishers are usually supplied with a long lance which helps to safely deploy the foam. The wet chemical forms a thick soapy foam-like blanket over the surface of the burning oil/fat which stops oxygen from reaching the fire and smothers the flames. This process is known as saponification, which is an endothermic process that not only ensures that the additive penetrates the fat/oil and creates a seal, but also cools it to below the ignition temperature, thus preventing the oil/fat from re-igniting
Fire blankets are spread over the burning pot or pan and exclude oxygen which suffocates the fire. It is crucial to leave the fire blanket on top of the container even when the flames have gone, as the hot fat would re-ignite again should the blanket be removed.
Dry Water mist extinguishers
Portable dry water mist extinguishers create a microscopic mist with low pressure which settles onto the surface of the fire without sinking in. As the water droplets evaporate above the surface, the fire cools and oxygen is excluded. Dry water mist also protects the user from the flames, as the mist forms a heat barrier.
ABF fire extinguishers
These extinguishers resemble a normal fire extinguisher and contain a foam suitable for burning fat.
Whilst formally not classified as extinguishers, these foams are a low cost solution for domestic kitchens with cooking oil.